Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

153 News Update, September, 2018

This update has been compiled by Christer Wilkinson from a variety of sources.


Niger
September was an eventful month for Niger.
In the south west of the country a new western hostage was taken by an as yet unidentified Islamic rebel group: Pier Luigi Maccalli, an Italian priest. Several nuns who were present at the time were not abducted. No news was reported about the other western hostages and at the time of this report no demand for a ransom was reported for Maccalli. But in the south east there were a number of reports of kidnapping of locals by Boko Harem, and releasing them after a payment of ransom.
In the north, near Algeria, yet another 400 migrants were rescued near the north border point of Assamakka by the IOM in early April. After that there were no reports, unlike in August.
The work on the American drone base at Agades continues, and remote surveillance satellite operators reported another being constructed at Dirkou, to the north of Bilma. This is in addition to the French base at Madama (the last post north before the Libyan border). Italy also announced this month its intention to send troops to Niger.
The statistics for migration in August for Niger made available by the IOM show a small net outflow to Libya and a small net inflow from Algeria, with some 600 people moving per day on average. The flow into and out of Algeria is under half that of the movements into and out of Libya. The flows in and out of Nigeria to the south are approximately equal.
The cholera epidemic continues in Niger with a reported 55 deaths and nearly 3000 cases. More statistics on damage caused by the floods in August became available, with now a reported 200,000 people affected and 17,000 houses damaged. In the far south west the bridge over a river between Niger and Benin collapsed leading to massive traffic delays.

Tchad
The rebellion in the north continues. At the beginning of the month more incidents were reported in the far north of the country, north of the Tibesti Mountains, involving both the rebel groups based in Libya and artisanal gold miners. Details and dates of these conflicts vary, but all report the use of helicopters by the Tchad army against the rebels. Some reports also came in of other conflicts between the gold miners and local inhabitants. Curiously there were no fresh reports after mid-September, so either the fighting has died down or it is not being reported.
September also brought a report that the French army was setting up a base at Zouar and/or Wour (the reports vary: it could be both). There is an old French base at Zouar, but only a small Bordj shows on the satellite image at Wour. One French newspaper reported that it was almost exactly 50 years since the French army was posted there to quell a rebellion by the rebel group “Frolinat”. This base at Wour would be 150 miles (by air) south east of Madama in Niger where there is another French military base.
In yet another government reshuffle the president of Tchad Deby, replaced his finance minister.
A new airline “Tchadia airlines” partly owned by Ethiopian airlines announced regular scheduled flights between Ndjamena and Faya Largeau.
The IOM statistics show a surprising large migrant or refugee flow into Zouar from the north. This is presumably caused by the fighting there. Statistics of migrant actually crossing the border into and out of Libya are not available. In the east there are still some 300,000 refugees from Sudan, despite the end of the main conflicts there some years ago.

Mali
For Mali it has been another quiet month in the north up near the Algerian Frontier. The UN troops are still there with French support, but there have been few reported incidents compared with previous months.
In the south a new Mali government was sworn in, and as with all new governments, the hopes for a settlement of the ongoing conflict in the north rose.
However, there was one reported attack on a town close to the Niger border, Menaka, with 12 fatalities and numerous other casualties. In a separate incident two community leaders were assassinated by rebels on motor bikes in Kidal, and later another in Timbuctoo.
The city of Gao, on the Niger river, suffered from bad flooding in late September from the annual rains: but the damage was limited compared with the floods in Niger further south and east.
To the south, an agreement between two tribal groups in central Mali has started to come apart, but there were no major incidents reported.
The IOM estimates that there are still 50,000 Mali refuges in Niger and 50,000 Mali refugees in Mauritania, both groups presumably fleeing from the revolt in northern Mali. It also estimates a net flow of migrants or refugees into or from from Algeria of about 3000 for the whole month, though the figures are less accurate than for Niger.

 

Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 Club Newsletter
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club
Today's African News

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________