Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Sahara News Update, July, 2019

This update has been compiled by Christer Wilkinson from a variety of sources.

Conflict Group Report
Readers are reminded that the Crisis Group (www.crisisgroup.org) publishes a detailed monthly report on all rebel attacks and other violent incidents in the three countries covered in this news summary.

Hostages
This month there was yet again no news on the western hostages, but in the south east of Niger, there was the reported return of 10 ex-Nigerien hostages including a 2-year-old girl, kidnapped and kept in captivity in neighboring Nigeria for a month and a half after negotiations with their kidnappers.

Migrant trends
The IOM DTM site reports for all three countries were available in time for this report.

DTM Niger (June 2019)
The flow back from Libya continues to be greater than the flow out. The average flow per day by this route is now only 126 of which about 70 are returnees. The largest single outward flow northwards is now to Algeria, at about 150 a day. In the south there are larger movements due to the problems with Boko Harem.

DTM Tchad (June 2019)
The monitoring stations in the north of Tchad are still inoperative. The IOM reports a total of only 500 migrants a day with the largest number passing through Sarh the south. This may be a result of the inoperative monitoring points.

DTM Mali (June 2019)
There was a rather confusing period statistically, reflecting the fact that there was an increased number of internally displaced people. (One report puts the total 150,000).
The migrant flow excluding these figures is about balanced in and out, but with a noticeable shift in migrants heading north-west to head for Europe via Spain rather than Libya.

But another IOM report indicates that more refugees in Niger appear to be heading back to north Mali and specifically Gao, Tombouctou, and Menaka with the reduction in attacks there. But the total number of refuges left in Niger is still over 50,000.

Niger
A Canadian group GoviEx announced that it had agreed with the government to start uranium mining at a site north of Arlit in Niger.

Mamane, a Nigerien comedienne famous for his imaginary country of Gondwana was reported to have returned to Niger.

The prominent activist Abdourahmane Lirwana was released from prison after a one year sentence, reportedly for having organized an illegal demonstration in Niamey, the capital.

At a checkpoint outside Niamey a number of arms were seized as a result of a routine traffic stop.

It was reported that 11 died from a sinking of a rowing boat on the Goulbi, a temporary water course and lake during the rainy season near Maradi.

The opposition party of Hamad Amadou was reported to be suffering from internal rifts.

It was reported that ARCEP, the Niger regulatory authority, has identified Moov, Airtel and Niger Telecom as having committed telecoms fraud for its use of provided infrastructure. The actual cause is not clear from the reports.

Somair, the major uranium company based in Niger, announced that it was to continue mining operations in some of the existing extraction areas despite the close down of others as report in the last news report.

Seven local Tuareg leaders were reported killed by EGIS (an Islamic rebel group) in west Niger, near the Mali border in July.

There was a survey reported in mid-July by the Economist magazine, which highlighted the amount of debt to China incurred by the West African states as a result of the recent Chinese economic initiatives. These debts do not all figure in the IMF debt raking. According to the article Niger was one of the most indebted country in this region with somewhere between 75% and 90% of its GNP being owed to China via its various trade deals. This of course does not allow for any net revenue from these trade deals so strict comparisons with conventional debts is tricky.

Tchad
President Deby went to Saudi Arabia to meet the king. It is clear that he is looking for more help from the Middle East and specifically the Gulf States and Saudi to support Tchad, which has significant debts. This is despite its oil revenue, which is less than expected due to the low price of oil worldwide.

After sixteen months of limited access, the internet was unblocked in Tchad. Previously it could only be freely accessed via private VPNs.

There was an internal dispute reported between Tchad customs and justice over the role of intermediaries in customs clearance.

There is concern expressed in Tchad of an overspill from the revolt in Sudan, which was still underway at the time of this report.

A cholera outbreak was reported in southern Tchad: 15 people affected in a region close the border with Cameroun.

In the north increased tension was reported in the gold mining area of Miski in the southern Tibesti, which was the scene of some conflicts between the government force and self-protection militias earlier this year.

Mali
An accord was announced late in July between various militia groups in central Mali and close to Mauritania. However the IOM reported an increasing numbers of people are becoming IDPs, presumably due to the recent fighting in central Mali.

The government of Mali signed a military cooperation agreement with Russia in late June: this is part of an initiative by Russia to make agreements with African states.

There was an attack on the French military base at the town of Gao on the Niger river in the north of the country: it did not penetrate the base itself but there were several casualties.

The USA has added several top members of AQIM and related rebel groups to its terrorist list.

The UK is to send some 200 soldiers to Mali in 2020 to take part in the UN peace keeping force in the north.

The MSA (the secular rebel movement in the north) has moved to closer cooperation with the Mali government.

There was yet another demo in Kidal, the main rebel town in the north which is still not in Mali government control. The demo was, as before, against the Mali government, and its failure to satisfy the demands of the Alger’s peace agreement.





Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 Club Newsletter
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club
Today's African News

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________