Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Sahara News Update, November, 2020

This update has been compiled by Christer Wilkinson from a variety of sources.

Conflict Group Reports
Readers are reminded that the Crisis Group (www.crisisgroup.org) publishes a detailed monthly report on all rebel attacks and other violent incidents in the three countries covered in this news summary and other countries including Burkina Faso.

Hostages and assassinations
After last month’s burst of activity, no new news on the remaining western hostages. However, across the border in Nigeria are reports of large attacks and kidnappings by Boko Harem.

Corona Virus
At the time of this report the “total cases” figures were: Niger 2,199, Mali 5,814, and Tchad 1,751 cases. Due to different collection criteria these figures are not completely comparable.

Migrant trends
The IOM DTM site reports for two of the three countries are available on the IOM site for the month of October for Niger and Mali, and September for Tchad.

It should be noted that the figures are only for migrants at the monitoring points and migrants who avoid these points are not included. In addition, the accumulation of refugees at remote frontier points such as Assamaka are not included, nor are repatriation convoys or organized rescues.

The figures (estimated where full details are not available) show continuing low migrant traffic across the borders.

Niger: Madama: 100/day northwards to Libya: 50/day back from Libya. Arlit: 50/day north to Algeria and 25/day back from Algeria (Note: no monitoring at Assamaka)

Mali: Under 50/day north to Algeria and about the same southbound from Algeria, summed over all north monitored entry points. (Note: no monitoring at Kidal so some of these numbers may be internal migration)

Tchad: (September) very low crossings to Libya indicated: about 30/day northbound and 30/day south bound, but again some of these numbers may be internal migration.


Refugees
The count of refugees has not been mentioned in these reports for some time. The latest figures indicate that some 141,000 Mali refugees are in neighboring countries, with 287,000 internally displaced people, and there are still some 365,000 refugees in eastern Tchad. (See Tchad section below). The count of refugees, and internally displaced people near Lake Tchad is more complicated as it is split between four countries, but the total is estimated to be over 2.5m.

Mali
There are continued arguments over the composition of the interim government following the military coup earlier this year, particularly by the opposition group M5-RFP who claim that despite their role in toppling IBK, the previous President, do not have a commensurate role. Indeed , the number of active military officers appointed to government positions is slowly increasing.

In central Mali violent incidents are steadily increasing and it is not clear which are intergroup conflicts, and which are Jihadist acts, (or both!).

In mid-month a French military action in the Pogol n’Daki area reported to have killed at least 50 Jihadists. The French also claimed to have killed a senior JNIM commander, Bah ag Mousa near Menaka, in an air operation in the first half of November.

Conflicts in the far north of the county seem to have reduced, except for some attacks on several French bases in the north including Kidal and Gao. These attacks were undertaken using rockets of some sort. The JNIM rebel group claimed responsibility.

Niger
The forthcoming Presidential election is dominating news in Niger. The current President, Mohammed Issoufou is not standing and there is an election to determine a successor in late December. This event is not that common in Africa.

The election has of course polarized the population with a number supporting the ruling party and the president’s recommended candidate, Mohamed Bazoum and others supporting the leader of the opposition Hana Amadou.

The latter held several large demonstrations but then he was declared not eligible, for having spent one year in Prison for supposed child trafficking. This opened an opportunity for Ibrahim Yacouba, of the MPN. Mohamed Bazoum was also investigated for eligibility but determined eligible. There are numerus other candidates.

The threat from Boko Harem in the south east of the country remains: but incidents are low and significantly less compared with Nigeria to the south. Unfortunately, security round Tillabery in the west is reported to be decreasing, with increasing violent incidents.

A recently published UN report on this year’s flooding in Niger indicates that more people than previously reported were affected. Some 549,000 people and 63 deaths with 43,000 collapsed houses are the new figures.

Mohamadou Tandja, a previous ruler of Niger until 2010 has died in the capital Niamey.

Tchad

The Tibesti mountains in the north of Tchad near to Libya, have seen some activity. After the revocation of the agreement with the self-defense forces of Miski, some Tchad military were reported to have moved north. But there were no reports of significant incidents. As always, this area has limited reports available. But a small forum of representatives from the BET regions (Borkou Ennedi and Tibesti, did meet as part of the national inclusive forum (see below).

The recent oil price rise has helped the finances of Tchad which is in better state financially than some of its neighbours.

The refugees in the eastern Tchad are still in place. The UN estimates that some 375,000 are still there as refuges from Sudan. But the recent peace agreements and regime change in Khartoum give hopes that more can be relocated back to Sudan. But some refugees state they are still awaiting implementation of the Juba peace agreement, signed in October.

The Lake Tchad area is still plagued with raids by Boko Harem or its spin-off groups: but not as badly as the raids into northern Nigeria. A significant number of people are still displaced from the Lake area to neighboring areas to get away from the Jihadist activities.

A national Inclusive forum organized by the Tchad government took place in N’Djamena, but it was boycotted by the opposition “The Transformers” who demonstrated against the forum. A previous rebel leader Abdelwahid Aboud Mackaye, came from Cairo to attend the forum and had a meeting with the Tchad President. Mackaye’s career started with the first president of Tchad: Tombalbaya.

 


Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 Club Newsletter
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club
Today's African News

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________