Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

153 News Update, June 2018

This update has been compiled by Christer Wilkinson from a variety of sources.

June 2018 update:

Niger
The main story this month has been the continuing shipment of West African migrants southwards out of Algeria to the Niger frontier where they were left to walk the ten kilometers to the Niger border town of Assamakka.

This was first reported on this site earlier this year, but was only picked up this month by the regular press. The UN calculates that some 10,000 have been shipped across the Niger frontier this way during the last year, plus more into Mali. In previous years they were shipped all the way to Agades.

The reports also indicated a further number of Sudanese being shipped back from Libya are arriving in Agades. The UN and NGOs report that facilities in Agades cannot support this number of returnees and the conditions for refugees in the town are deteriorating.

In the Tenere desert east of Agades there were several reports of battles with armed groups. One reported an incident near “Arbre”, and another at an unspecified location 400k from Agades, (which would be near Fachi or north at “Arbre Perdu”). In another incident the army confirmed that they had intercepted a 17-vehicle convoy. Reported details of these conflicts vary and it is not clear if they were rebel, or drug runners or both.

In Diffa, in the south east of the country, three suicide bombers blew themselves up in the town causing ten fatalities and a number of injuries. The suicide bombers were presumed to be from the rebel group Boko Harem.
The oil company Savannah Petroleum reported another oil find near Agadem north of Diffa.

Ten tons of cannabis assumed to have come from Morocco was intercepted by the Nigerian authorities at Niamey this month.

The UN reports an extra 15,000 people have fled from Mali into Niger this month escaping the new conflicts in Mali.

Western Hostages

This month there were two developments. Early in June the president of Mali announced that the Niger government was in contact with the kidnappers of the two hostages taken in Niger, respectively Joerg Lange and Jeffery Woodke, and that the two of them were still alive and steps were being taken to obtain their release. However no details were provided.

In mid-June, a video was released by the “Islamist and Muslim Support Group”, the main jihadist alliance in the Sahel which showed both Sophia Petronin and Cecilia Narvaez, (the Colombian nurse) two of the other western hostages.

This was the first proof of life for both hostages some time. The videos included pleas to their various governments for action. Sophia’s son announced that he wanted to go personally to meet the kidnapers.

Some news reports indicate that the video and report included references to of all the western hostages. Other advised that the video provided could be older than indicated.

Mali
Unfortunately, things have not changed for the better in Mali, and June has another depressing litany of rebel attacks and inter-tribal conflicts. These incidents are slowly moving southwards.

Early in June there was an attack by terrorists on the Mali army near Koro in central Mali. Then later in June, in another attack, mortar shells fell on the position of the Malian army at Boni. The attackers then fired at the security checkpoint. The Mali army repelled the attackers, and 13 bodies were reported found after the attack.

In mid-June are report came in o a significant intertribal conflict. The report claimed that traditional hunters have killed 32 civilians in an isolated village in central Mali.

The hunters, known locally as "Dozo", attacked the village near Djenne in the Mopti region of central Mali reportedly separated members of the Fula ethnic group from the other villagers before killing them.

In mid-June a mass grave was found near Nantaka under odd circumstance.

A French news report pointed out that the abandonment of this area by government officials, and the proliferation of weapons, has aggravated clashes between Dogon and Fulani which have resulted in at least 70 deaths since the beginning of the year.

Further north in Mali, at the town of Bourem near Gao, at the end of the month a suicide bomber attack left four dead and 23 wounded among civilians. Four French soldiers were also wounded.

Previous to this, just before the end of the month, the headquarters of the G5 Sahel joint force at Sévaré, in central Mali was the target of a car bomb attack which killed three people plus the perpetrators. The entire entrance wall of the G5 compound was blown by the blast, which projected the vehicle inside the enclosure, according to witnesses and images broadcast after the attack.

The Islamist and Muslim Support Group, the main jihadist alliance in the Sahel, linked to Al Qaeda, claimed responsibility for the attack in a phone call.

The UN reported that faced with increasing violence near the Niger and Burkina border, refugees are coming to Gao, on the Niger river, in increasing numbers.

In the south near the capital, where the population is much denser than in the north, numerous demonstrations were reported in the build up to the Mali presidential elections.

Tchad
The agreement with Glencore to reschedule the loan to the Tchad governments was finally signed. Since the agreement was reached earlier this year the price of oil has substantially increased so the loan repayments are now more manageable.

(Note that Glencore is currently in the press concerning its dealings in the country to the south of Tchad, namely the CAR: these dealings are separate from its agreements with Tchad).

The Tchad rebel group “FACT”, based in Libya, denied that its forces were being used as mercenaries by competing groups with Libya.

The various strikes by government officials in Tchad itself came to an end. There are conflicting press reports regarding the settlement.

The tourist industry (or rather lack of) attracted a couple of reports, pointing out that it was quite buoyant in 2008 and almost non-existent in 2018.

On the public health front, Tchad reported an increase in the occurrences of meningitis.

Two other rather contrasting reports pointed out firstly that the entire electricity supply of Tchad is about that of a hypermarket in France, and another pointing out that with the rise in oil prices, Tchad could see a second oil boom.
The Tchad government announced yet another agreement with neighboring states to secure its frontier against illegal migration: but how can achieve this with so much of its border open desert?

 

Index

Index
The153 Club
The Agades Cross
People of the Sahara
Saharan Landscapes
Books on the Sahara(1)
Books on the Sahara(2)
Books on African Art
Saharan Salt Trade
The Gundi
Illizi Festival 2000
Sahara Freeze-up
Camel Cheese
153 Club Newsletter
153 News Update
Join the 153 Club
Today's African News

Père de Foucauld
L'Arbre du Ténéré 1
L'Arbre du Ténéré 2
Saharan Forts 1
Saharan Forts 2
Saharan Rock Art
Giraffe Engravings
Leo Africanus
Battuta's Saharan travels
Shabeni's Timbuktu
Timbuctoo the Mysterious
Heroditus & Pliny on Libya
Timbuktu, a poem

Joliba Trust
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 1
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 2
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 3
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 4
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 5
Ibn Khaldûn quotes 6

Old Michelin Maps
Early NW Africa Map 1
Early NW Africa Map 2
Early NW Africa Map 3
Early NW Africa Map 4
Early NW Africa Map 5
Saharan Exploration

Henry Barth 1
Henry Barth 2
Henry Barth 3
Denham & Clapperton 1
Denham & Clapperton 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 1
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 2
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 3
Haardt & Audouin-Dubreuil 4

External Links

Jim Mann Taylor's Home Page
___________________________