update has been compiled by Christer Wilkinson from a variety
Conflict Group Reports
Readers are reminded that the Crisis Group (www.crisisgroup.org) publishes
a detailed monthly report on all rebel attacks and other violent incidents
in the three countries covered in this news summary and other countries
including Burkina Faso.
No fresh news on any of the western hostages.
At the time of this report the “total cases” Covid figures
were: Niger 5,564, Mali 14,502, and Tchad 4,964 cases. Due to different
collection criteria these figures are not completely comparable. These
reported case counts are low compared with other countries, and reflect
a surprisingly low per capita infection rate. Unlike some other countries
there is no evidence of deliberate mis-reporting.
The IOM DTM site report for Niger in May was available on the IOM
site. There was no report for Tchad and the Mali one for May was covered
It should be noted that these figures in these reports are only for
migrants at the monitoring points and migrants who avoid these points
are not included. In addition, the accumulation of refugees at remote
frontier points such as Assamaka are not included, nor are repatriation
convoys or organized rescues.
The figures (estimated where full details are not available) show
migrant traffic across the northern borders of Niger.
Niger: Madama: around 145/day northwards to Libya: 42/day back from
Libya. Arlit: around 184/day north to Algeria and 100/day back from
Algeria (Note: no monitoring at Assamaka).
Mali: no new report
Tchad: no report again this month.
The relationship with the Africa Union (AU) which initially supported
the transition government (CMT) has deteriorated, and the AU wants
to see more movement towards democracy. Opposition groups complain
that the progress seems to indicate that the transition will be extended.
Notwithstanding, the opposition party, “The Transformers”
was authorized to operate as political party which had been banned
before the elections, and the human rights activist, Baradine Berdei
was released. In mid-June the CMT President Mahamat Déby confirmed
the commitment to hold elections within 18 months.
Within the ruling party, the MPS, internal disputes and tension between
the transitional authorities (CMT) and some MPS members led to a congress
in Niamey in mid-June and Haroun Kabadi was chosen as the new party
One report was published which indicated that Tchad had tried to use
Mohammed Bazzoum, the president of Niger to negotiate with the FACT
rebels, who had advanced to the north of the capital N’Djamena
earlier this year, to no avail.
A strike started late in June at the Doba Oil basin in the south of
Tchad. This is a concession being transferred to Savannah Oil (UK)
after being sold by Exon Mobile. The strike reduced Tchad’s
oil output for June.
Following the clashes with Central African Republic (CAR) forces last
month, early in June the CAR and Tchad agreed to set up an “independent
and impartial” commission to avoid further clashes.
The event of the month was that the French President Macron announced
that he was terminating Operation “Barkhane”, and withdrawing
troops from Mali, but that he would still participate in the UN mission.
This withdraw did not include withdrawing troops from Tchad. He also
stated that he would not support nations which negotiate with terrorists.
The reaction of the world was shock, but France was adamant.
Shortly after this, the military coup leader Assimi Gouta was sworn
in as President and Choguel Maiga, a veteran politician in Mali was
named Prime Minister and the defense minister demoted by the previous
interim resident was reinstated.
Early in June the World Bank stopped payments to the Mali government,
and the country is under continued sanctions from ECOWAS after negotiation
with the coup leaders failed earlier this year. A second visit by
ECOWAS negotiators, this time with Jonathan Goodluck, a previous Nigerian
president, also failed.
Meanwhile the violent incidents in Mali continue with multiple attacks
on UN forces, French forces, and the Malian army. In addition, 12
German soldiers (part of the UN force) were injured in an attack on
their base near Gao. In the north, French forces on 5th June conducted
operation near Aguelhok town, killing presumed al-Qaeda-linked Group
for the Support of Islam and Muslims militants, reportedly including
a senior commander “Baye Ag Bakabo”.
There were demonstrations in Paris demanding release of the French
Journalist Olivier Dubois the recent French captive taken in April.
A demonstration was held in early June in the capital Bamako by the
M5 opposition group supporting the military , but later reports claimed
the demonstration was staged.
The Chinese group, Ganfeng agreed to buy a 50% of a lithium mine in
southern Mali from an Australian group, FireFinch Ltd. which holds
Niger, yet again a quiet month compared to Mali, but it still had
some violent incidents.
In the south west near the border with Burkina Faso, Chinese miners
from the commercial mining company were kidnapped by jihadists in
Mabango town. No news of negotiations or release were reported. Later
in the month, 19 people were killed by Jihadists at Danga Zawne, near
Further south in the tri border area of Niger/Mali/Burkina Faso, it
was reported that joint French- Nigerien operations in mid-June led
to the capture of several senior ISGS (Islamic State in the Greater
Sahara) leaders, including Dadi Ould Chouaib alias “Abu Dardar”,
and killed Almahmoud Ag Baye alias “Ikaraye”, highest-ranking
Tuareg leader within ISGS, and his brother.
In the south east of Niger, near lake Tchad, some 6000 people from
the town of Baroua who had fled Boko Harem were able to return. In
the town of Diffa itself, ISWA (Islamic State in West Africa) militants
5th June unsuccessfully attacked a gendarmerie post, wounding one
An attack took place on the home of Seini Oumarou president of the
Niger national assembly, killing one of his guards and wounding another.
ISGS later claimed responsibility for attack.
A joint US-Niger military exercise took place at Tondibiah just north
of the capital, Niamey.
In the north at Assamaka, on the main route to Algeria, one report
stated that suspected drug or arms traffickers stormed the security
post near Assamaka in mid-June, killing three members of security
In the south near Maradi, small scale attacks, kidnappings, and cattle